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2019年6月CATTI三级笔译实务真题:英译汉

2019-07-05 15:03

来源:翻译米

作者:

  2019年6月CATTI三笔真题·实务

  英译汉

  passage 1

  Both WHO’s constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Right assert that health is a human right, not a privilege for those who can afford it. Over time, that right has made its way into both national and international law. But importantly, the right to health is not simply a noble idea on a piece of paper.

  世界卫生组织《组织法》与《世界人权宣言》(Universal Declaration of Human Right)均强调健康是一项人权,而不是那些有经济实力者享有的特权。随着时间的推移,健康权已逐渐载入各国法律和国际法律。但重要的是,健康权绝非只是纸上空谈。

  It has been a platform for major improvements in global health. Since 1948, life expectancy has increased by 25 years. Maternal and childhood mortality have plummeted. Smallpox has been eradicated and polio is on the brink. We have turned the tide on the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Deaths from malaria have dropped dramatically. New vaccines have made once-feared diseases easily preventable. And there are many other causes for celebration. But even as we continue to struggle with old threats, new ones have arisen. Climate change will have profound effects on health. Antimicrobial resistance has the potential to undo the gains of modern medicine. Vaccine hesitancy is putting millions of young lives at risk. Noncommunicable diseases, including heart disease, stroke, cancer diabetes, hypertension, lung diseases and mental illnesses have become the major killers of our time. And of course, we continue to face the ever-present threat of outbreaks and other health emergencies.

  健康权一直是全球健康状况得以获得重大改善的平台。自1948年以来,预期寿命延长了25岁。产妇和儿童死亡率快速下跌。天花已被消灭,脊髓灰质炎也已处在被消灭的边缘。艾滋病毒/艾滋病的势头得到扭转。疟疾致死的现象急剧减少。得益于新疫苗的出现,曾经让人谈虎色变的疾病也变得易于预防。还有其他进步可喜可贺。但是,就在我们继续对抗既有健康威胁之时,新的健康威胁已经出现。气候变化会对健康产生深远影响。抗微生物药物耐药性有可能让现代医学取得的成果荡然无存。“疫苗犹豫”正危及数百万年轻人的生命。心脏病、中风、癌症、糖尿病、高血压、肺病和精神疾病等非传染性疾病已成为当今时代的头号杀手。当然,我们还无时不刻不在面临着疫情和其他突发卫生事件的威胁。

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