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CATTI考前热点话题“一国两制”白皮书

2017-05-10 11:08

来源:CATTI考试资料与资讯

作者:王宁

  20世纪80年代初,为实现国家和平统一,国家领导人邓小平创造性地提出了“一国两制”的科学构想,并首先用于解决香港问题。按照邓小平的论述,“一国两制”是指在一个中国的前提下,国家的主体坚持社会主义制度,香港、澳门、台湾保持原有的资本主义制度长期不变。

  In the early 1980s, China’s state leader Deng Xiaoping put forward the scientific concept known as “one country, two systems” in an effort to realize the peaceful reunification of China, and this ingenious design was first applied to solve the question of Hong Kong. According to Deng Xiaoping, “one country, two systems” means there is only but one China and under this premise the mainland adheres to the socialist system while Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan may retain their capitalist systems over a long time to come.

  香港特别行政区成立以来,在中央政府和祖国内地的大力支持下,特别行政区政府团结带领香港各界人士,攻坚克难,砥砺奋进,充分发挥“一国两制”的制度优势,保持香港社会经济政治大局稳定,推动各项事业向前发展,不断取得新成就、新进步。

  Since the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), the government of the Special Administrative Region has, with energetic support from the central government and the mainland, rallied people of all walks of life in Hong Kong, worked hard and overcome difficulties, made full use of the advantage of the policy of “one country, two systems,” maintained overall social, economic and political stability, promoted the development of all undertakings and made new achievements one after another.

  1997年至2013年,香港本地生产总值年均实质增长3.4%,人均本地生产总值按美元累计增长39.3%。根据国际货币基金组织2013年数据,按购买力平价(PPP)计算,香港本地生产总值位居全球第35位,人均本地生产总值位居全球第7位。

  From 1997 to 2013, Hong Kong’s Gross Regional Product (GRP) grew by 3.4 percent annually in real terms, and its per-capita GRP increased by a total of 39.3 percent calculated in US dollar. According to the 2013 statistics of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Hong Kong’s GRP and per-capita GRP, respectively, ranked the 35th and 7th in the world, as calculated by purchasing power parity.

  2013年底,香港人民币客户存款及存证余额达1.05万亿元人民币,同比增长46%;人民币贷款余额1156亿元人民币,未偿还的人民币债券余额3100亿元人民币。

  By the end of 2013, RMB deposits and depository receipts in Hong Kong amounted to RMB1.05 trillion, an increase of 46 percent over 2012. RMB loans totaled RMB115.6 billion, and outstanding RMB bonds totaled RMB310 billion.

(编辑:何莹莹)

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