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2012年翻译资格考试综合模拟试题

2012-05-23 13:49

来源:考试大

作者:

  Questions 1~5

  Filled with the euphoria of victory and dreams of their first Big Ten title in 11 years, Penn State University students rushed the field as time expired in their win over Ohio State. In the chaos that followed, the campus police struggled to keep control, and identifying the over-zealous fans seemed impossible, impossible, that is, until the police department turned to a new crime-fighting tool: facebook.com.

  Penn State officers had warned the students in advance last October that crossing over from the stands was a safety hazard and would not be permitted. When the rules were broken, a quick search online revealed the facebook.com photo album "1 rushed the field after the OSU game and lived." The album creator had even helpfully tagged all of those involved—offering the campus police an easy way to issue stem warnings. "It was really dangerous and not acceptable behavior," says Tyrone Parham, assistant director at the PSU police. "We needed to send a message. We searched the group, contacted the individuals and said that this was not tolerable behavior."

  Long a student favorite and the seventh most-trafficked Internet site, facebook.com has found a new following—those who wear blue. Traditionally, campus police forces have followed noise reports in their attempt to keep Saturday nights safe. But the advent of social-networking sites is starting to revolutionize campus detective work.

  George Washington University police department chief Dolores Stafford claims, "Facebook exists and can certainly be a tool, but we're not out there looking at the site." Students at the college, however, are not so sure. When rumors flew that campus cops were using the student social network to infringe their right to party, GWU students decided to exact revenge. In a carefully executed plan, students filled facebook.com with chatter about a raging party they were throwing, hoping the police would be watching. They were not disappointed. When the officers arrived, they found shots glasses brimming with chocolate cake, Beirut cups filled with frosting, and partygoers loaded up on sugar rather than alcohol.

  While the GWU police deny using the Internet to find the party, the students felt vindicated. 'Cake Party' attendee Kyle Stoneman comments: "From a larger standpoint, there's nothing immoral or illegal about the police using facebook.com. I guess they'll play their game, we'll play ours, and we'll see who wins."

  For college police forces, however, the issue is about more than winning. Instead, they try to find that delicate balance between upholding the law (read: preventing underage drinking) and maintaining good relations with the students (read: turning a blind eye). "It's a never-ending struggle," says Fisher College Chief of Campus Police John McLaughlin. "Like any other college and university, we want this to be as open of a relationship as possible. We don't want to be too obtrusive and we also don't want to be too strict. It requires real diligence."

  1. Which of the following best describes facebook.com?

  (A) It is a popular website with the students.

  (B) It is crime-fighting tool invented by the police.

  (C) It is an electronic book of strict campus regulations.

  (D) It is a virtual party held on the Internet.

  2. What is the traditional way for the campus police to ensure security on Saturdays?

  (A) To patrol the campus regularly.

  (B) To check the students' website.

  (C) To monitor noises on the campus.

  (D) To warn the students in advance.

  3. What does the author try to show with the "Cake Party" incident?

  (A) It was wrong of the police to interfere in the party.

  (B) The police were definitely looking at the website.

  (C) The students tried to protect their own right.

  (D) Parties like this one were dangerous.

  4. What do students like Kyle Stoneman think of the police using facebook.com?

  (A) It is immoral.

  (B) It is illegal.

  (C) It is helpful.

  (D) It is understandable.

  5. Which of the following is the major concern of the police?

  (A) How to revolutionize campus detective work and combat crime effectively.

  (B) How to strike a balance between law enforcement and human relationship.

  (C) How to use facebook.com without being found out by the students.

  (D) How to end the long standing hostility between the students and the police.

  1-5题试题详解

  本文难度一般,读者应在6-7分钟之内作答。解析如下:

  1.本题答案为A. 本题极易定位于第一段最后一句:…until the police department turned to a new crime-fighting tool: facebook.com…而选择B选项。实际上,B选项是一个正误混杂性选项。前半句为正确,也就是定位句中所说的部分,但是后半句的信息点invented by the police 则是错误说法。

  2.本题正确答案为C. 定位于第三段

  Long a student favorite and the seventh most-trafficked Internet site, facebook.com has found a new following—those who wear blue. Traditionally, campus police forces have followed noise reports in their attempt to keep Saturday nights safe. But the advent of social-networking sites is starting to revolutionize campus detective work.

  本段阅读时应抓住黑体字部分,辨识出其中的时间对比(traditionally / revolutionize)关系和转折关系(but), 然后针对这两点结合题目定位。选项中D较有迷惑性,定位于第二段首句。在此请考生务必注意首先按照题干进行定位,然后再比较选项与原文的相似度。

  3.本题答案为C. 定位难度较大,属于细节题中的例子功能题。本题的正确定位应为下文黑体字部分。

  George Washington University police department chief Dolores Stafford claims, "Facebook exists and can certainly be a tool, but we're not out there looking at the site." Students at the college, however, are not so sure. When rumors flew that campus cops were using the student social network to infringe their right to party, GWU students decided to exact revenge. In a carefully executed plan, students filled facebook.com with chatter about a raging party they were throwing, hoping the police would be watching.

  在这里,由于学生们决定展开报复行动,所以才出现了下文的精心策划和警方扑空的故事。所以答案应为“学生们试图维护自己的权利”。

  而很多考生因为单纯寻找"Cake Party"这个标志词,而将定位放在第五段中。而由第五段首句将B选项选出。其实本题难度在于,如果具有相当的词汇量, 那么即使考生定位于第五段也可将选出正确答案。因为第五段的正确段意是the students felt vindicated(有必要维护自己的权利)。而大量考生因为不认识vindicate一词,所以转而定位于前面的while结构。结果错选了B. 而while引导的让步状语从句是与文章主旨相距甚远的非重点信息,没有参考价值(详见第二篇句子结构部分)。在此提醒考生,此类论述型文章不可掉以轻心,绝不能不读文章直接利用题干定位,在解题过程开始之前一定要通读全文框架,找出每段的主题部分。

  4.本题正确答案为D。有一定的迷惑性。首先读者应该根据人名定位到文章第四段,然后仔细阅读其中的引文,从而选出正确的态度。

  'Cake Party' attendee Kyle Stoneman comments: "From a larger standpoint, there's nothing immoral or illegal about the police using facebook.com. I guess they'll play their game, we'll play ours, and we'll see who wins."

  5. 本题难度不大,属于细节题。答案为B.

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